City Research Online

Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction following inpatient treatment for childhood-onset schizophrenia spectrum disorders vs non-psychotic disorders in children in the United Kingdom

Galitzer, H., Anagnostopoulou, N., Alba, A., Gaete, J., Dima, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2598-0952 and Kyriakopoulos, M. (2020). Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction following inpatient treatment for childhood-onset schizophrenia spectrum disorders vs non-psychotic disorders in children in the United Kingdom. EARLY INTERVENTION IN PSYCHIATRY, doi: 10.1111/eip.12973

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes between children with Childhood‐onset schizophrenia spectrum disorders (COSS) and children with other severe non‐psychotic psychiatric conditions (non‐COSS), all admitted to a national mental health inpatient children's unit.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of all children discharged from a national children's inpatient unit in the United Kingdom, between 2009 and 2018. We compared functional and treatment outcomes and satisfaction with treatment in COSS with non‐COSS in the whole sample and separately for male and female patients.

Results: A total of 211 children (55% boys) were included in the sample. The mean age on admission was 129.7 months (10.8 years; age range, 6‐12).Twenty cases were diagnosed with COSS (9.5%). In the whole sample, COSS patients had significantly lower Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) scores on admission compared to non‐COSS (P = .006). There was a trend towards children with COSS as a group having a longer admission (M = 194.6 days, SD = 125.4) compared to non‐COSS (M = 135.8 days, SD = 86.2), (P = .053). Females with COSS seemed to have more significant differences compared to females with non‐COSS, in particular, longer admissions (P = .016) and worse CGAS scores at discharge (P = .04), whilst in males, these differences seemed to be attenuated.

Conclusions: Children with COSS have lower functioning at the point of inpatient admission and possibly longer admissions, but similar satisfaction with treatment at discharge from hospital compared with non‐COSS. Females with COSS may have worse functional outcomes compared to non‐COSS at discharge.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Galitzer, H., Anagnostopoulou, N., Alba, A., Gaete, J., Dima, D. and Kyriakopoulos, M. (2020). Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction following inpatient treatment for childhood-onset schizophrenia spectrum disorders vs non-psychotic disorders in children in the United Kingdom. EARLY INTERVENTION IN PSYCHIATRY, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/eip.12973. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Publisher Keywords: admission, children, functional outcomes, satisfaction, schizophrenia
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2020 14:38
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24423
[img] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 20 May 2021 due to copyright restrictions.

To request a copy, please use the button below.

Request a copy

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login