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Realistic Adversarial Data Augmentation for MR Image Segmentation

Chen, C., Qin, C., Qiu, H. , Ouyang, C., Wang, S., Chen, L., Tarroni, G. ORCID: 0000-0002-0341-6138, Bai, W. & Rueckert, D. (2020). Realistic Adversarial Data Augmentation for MR Image Segmentation. In: Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2020. 23rd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, 04 - 08 October 2020, Lima, Peru. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-59710-8_65


Neural network-based approaches can achieve high accuracy in various medical image segmentation tasks. However, they generally require large labelled datasets for supervised learning. Acquiring and manually labelling a large medical dataset is expensive and sometimes impractical due to data sharing and privacy issues. In this work, we propose an adversarial data augmentation method for training neural networks for medical image segmentation. Instead of generating pixel-wise adversarial attacks, our model generates plausible and realistic signal corruptions, which models the intensity inhomogeneities caused by a common type of artefacts in MR imaging: bias field. The proposed method does not rely on generative networks, and can be used as a plug-in module for general segmentation networks in both supervised and semi-supervised learning. Using cardiac MR imaging we show that such an approach can improve the generalization ability and robustness of models as well as provide significant improvements in low-data scenarios.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: The paper is accepted to MICCAI 2020. The final authenticated version is to be available online at
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Computer Science
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Text - Accepted Version
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