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Changes in health sciences students' perception of obstetric violence after an educational intervention

Mena-Tudela, D., Gonzalez-Chorda, V. M., Soriano-Vidal, F. J., Bonanad-Carrasco, T., Centeno-Rico, L., Vila-Candel, R., Castro-Sanchez, E. ORCID: 0000-0002-3351-9496 and Gasch, A. C. (2020). Changes in health sciences students' perception of obstetric violence after an educational intervention. Nurse Education Today, 88, 104364.. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2020.104364

Abstract

Background
Obstetric violence is a type of gender-based violence that is presented structurally. This type of violence has physical and psychological consequences for both the women who experience it and health professionals. The World Health Organization adds that health professionals need training to ensure that pregnant women are treated with compassion and dignity.

Objectives
The objective of the study was to evaluate health sciences students' perception of obstetric violence and to identify possible changes after an educational intervention.

Design
A pre-post quasi-experimental study was carried out between January and June 2019.

Settings and participants
Students of medicine and nursing from Jaume I University (Universitat Jaume I) (Spain).

Methods
An ad hoc scale comprising 33 items was designed to measure the students' perceptions. In addition, sociodemographic and control variables were collected. Descriptive analyses of the sample and the scale were carried out, and a bivariate analysis was performed.

Results
Of the students surveyed, 89.7% were women, and the majority was nursing students. Of the 33 items, 28 (84.84%) showed statistically significant changes in the pre-post-intervention measurement. Twenty-five of the 33 items (75.75%) showed a relationship with the sociodemographic variables of gender, field, course and ever having been pregnant.

Conclusion
This study shows the change in health sciences students' perceptions of obstetric violence after an educational intervention. In addition, the normalization of this type of violence was observed with the progression of training and with personal obstetric experience.Background
Obstetric violence is a type of gender-based violence that is presented structurally. This type of violence has physical and psychological consequences for both the women who experience it and health professionals. The World Health Organization adds that health professionals need training to ensure that pregnant women are treated with compassion and dignity.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Obstetric violence, Nursing students, Medical students, Perception
Subjects: L Education
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Nursing
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2020 10:50
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24499
[img] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 21 February 2021 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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