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Post-stroke object affordances: An EEG investigation

Rowe, P. J., Haenschel,, C., Khachatoorian, N. and Yarrow, K. ORCID: 0000-0003-0666-2163 (2020). Post-stroke object affordances: An EEG investigation. Brain and Cognition,

Abstract

Rehabilitating upper limb function after stroke is a key therapeutic goal. In healthy brains, objects, especially tools, are said to cause automatic motoric ‘affordances’; affecting our preparation to handle objects. For example, the N2 event-related potential has been shown to correlate with the functional properties of objects in healthy adults during passive viewing. We posited that such an affordance effect might also be observed in chronicstage stroke survivors. With either dominant or non-dominant hand forward, we presented three kinds of stimuli in stereoscopic depth; grasp objects affording a power-grip, pinch objects affording a thumb and forefinger precision-grip and an empty desk, affording no action. EEG data from 10 stroke survivors and 15 neurologically healthy subjects were analysed for the N1 and N2 ERP components. Both components revealed differences between the two object stimuli categories and the empty desk for both groups, suggesting the presence of affordance-related motor priming from around 100 to 370 ms after stimulus onset. Hence, we speculate that stroke survivors with loss of upper limb function may benefit from object presentation regimes designed to maximise motor priming when attempting movements with manipulable objects. However, further investigation would be necessary with acute stage patients, especially those diagnosed with apraxia.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: EEG; motor priming; upper limb deficits
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2020 11:10
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/25162
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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