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Interventions that Support Adults with Brain Injuries, Learning Disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Disorders in Dating or Romantic Relationships: A Systematic Review

Exell, R., Hilari, K. ORCID: 0000-0003-2091-4849 and Behn, N. ORCID: 0000-0001-9356-9957 (2020). Interventions that Support Adults with Brain Injuries, Learning Disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Disorders in Dating or Romantic Relationships: A Systematic Review. Disability and Rehabilitation,

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the current evidence on dating interventions, their theoretical underpinnings and effectiveness for adult neuro-atypical populations.

Methods: A literature search was completed using CINAHL, Communication Source, PsycARTICLES, PsycINFO, SocINDEX, MEDLINE, Embase, AMED and EMB Reviews (all), for English-language, peer-reviewed studies into interventions for relationships or dating among adults with acquired brain injuries (ABI), learning disabilities or autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Demographic data and intervention details were extracted for all included studies. Standard checklists were used for methodological quality and intervention description. Narrative synthesis for studies rating above poor quality.

Results: A total of 11 studies (13 articles) were eligible, ABI (n=6), learning disability (n=4), ASD (n=1). These comprised five comparison or control group studies, two pre-post studies and four case studies. The methodological quality was varied, but intervention descriptions were generally poor. While all studies reported positive outcomes, firm conclusions on their effectiveness are difficult due to the high number of before-after analyses and variation in content and outcome measures used.

Conclusions: More high-quality studies are needed to assess the effectiveness of interventions. Also, greater consensus is needed on the key behaviors for dating and relationships and the measures to assess these.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article to be published by Taylor & Francis in Disability and Rehabilitation, to be available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/idre20/current
Publisher Keywords: ABI, ASD, dating, intervention, learning disabilities, relationships
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Language & Communication Science
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2020 10:36
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/25197
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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