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Optimization of leading-edge undulation of a NACA 65(12)-10 aerofoil for noise reduction and aerodynamic enhancement

Kim, J. H., Choi, K. S., Lacagnina, G. , Joseph, P., Hasheminejad, S. M., Chong, T. P., Shahab, M. F., Omidyeganeh, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-4140-2810 & Pinelli, A. ORCID: 0000-0001-5564-9032 (2019). Optimization of leading-edge undulation of a NACA 65(12)-10 aerofoil for noise reduction and aerodynamic enhancement. In: Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress on Acoustics : integrating 4th EAA Euroregio 2019 : 9-13 September 2019 in Aachen, Germany. (pp. 5351-5358). Berlin: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Akustik. doi: 10.18154/RWTH-CONV-239781


Leading-edge undulations or tubercles of humpback whale flippers have been known as one of biomimetic technologies adaptable to flow control of aerofoils, particularly at post stall conditions. These leading-edge undulations are also known to reduce noise resulting from an interaction with on-coming turbulence. We have recently carried out a parametric study of a NACA 65(12)-10 aerofoil with a view to optimise the amplitude and the wavelength of leading-edge undulations for noise reduction and aerodynamic enhancement. A 3x3 test matrix composing of three amplitudes (h = 3%, 6% and 12% chord) and three wavelengths (? = 10%, 20% and 30% chord) was used in the investigation, where lift, drag and noise were measured at the Reynolds number of 105. In this test, a turbulence-generating grid was installed at the inlet of the test section to increase the turbulence level in the freestream and to promote transition to turbulence near the leading edge of aerofoils without a need for a trip device. Within the test matrix considered, we found that the best improvement in CL,max is given with the greatest wavelength and amplitude, whereas the maximum noise reduction is obtained with the small wavelength and the large amplitude.

Publication Type: Book Section
Additional Information: © 2019 Proceedings of the International Congress on Acoustics. All rights reserved. 23rd International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2019, Aachen, Germany, 9 Sep 2019 - 13 Sep 2019; 4th EAA Euroregio, Aachen, Germany, 9 Sep 2019 - 13 Sep 2019, Berlin, Germany : Deutsche Gesellschaft für Akustik.
Publisher Keywords: Leading-edge undulation, NACA 65(12)-10, Lift, Drag, Noise
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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