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Structural parameter study of dual transducers-type ultrasonic levitation-based transportation system

Mu, G., Zhao, J., Dong, H., Wu, J., Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832 and Sun, T. ORCID: 0000-0003-3861-8933 (2021). Structural parameter study of dual transducers-type ultrasonic levitation-based transportation system. Smart Materials and Structures,

Abstract

Having a continuous mode of transportation, in the manufacturing and pharmaceutical industries, is desirable and this facilitated by the usage of dual transducer-type ultrasonic levitation-based transportation systems. It is well known that the structural and electrical parameters determine what can be transported continuously, but the relationships between these important parameters are still not clear. In this study, the vibrating plate length and the phase shift between the two transducers were investigated as both of these are key parameters for the transportation system, and affect the standing wave ratios (SWRs), the acoustic radiation forces, and consequently the way the transportation system operates. Through numerical analysis and experimental verification, it can be seen that when the sum or difference of the spatial phase difference (determined by the vibrating plate length) and the phase shift is equal to 180°×(1+2n) (where n is an integer), except for the spatial phase difference of 180°·m (where m is also an integer) and the SWRs approaches unity, all this implying that traveling waves (TWs) are dominantly excited on the vibrating plate. As a consequence, the TW-induced acoustic radiation force, which greatly exceeds the standing wave-induced force, causes the continuous transportation of the particle being moved in the sound field. This paper not only clarifies the requirements for generating this continuous transportation, but also provides valuable information on the practical design of such a transportation system.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Ultrasonic levitation-based transportation system, dual transducers type, acoustic force, standing wave ratio, spatial phase difference
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2021 11:19
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/25646
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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