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Human Rights Institutionalisation at the Local Level: A Case Study of Sub-National Human Rights Commissions in Korea

Wolman, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-2820-3566 and Chung, D. (2021). Human Rights Institutionalisation at the Local Level: A Case Study of Sub-National Human Rights Commissions in Korea. Journal of Human Rights Practice,

Abstract

Over the past decade, all upper-level (regional) Korean sub-national governments and a large number of lower-level (municipal) governments have passed ordinances mandating the establishment of local human rights commissions. Many of these commissions have now been set up and operating for several years. In this case study, we critically examine the development and work of these commissions, with a particular focus on six aspects: personnel; functions; norms; independence; level of activity, and relationships with other relevant actors. These areas were chosen for analysis because they correspond to institutional aspects that have widely been viewed as important for determining the effectiveness of human rights institutions at the national level, and we argue that they are likely to be of similar importance at the sub-national level. For each of these areas, we examine the choices made and the major challenges faced, and contextualise within the standards established for national human rights institutions and experiences in other jurisdictions. The case study is based primarily on examination of a mix of primary source documents and secondary Korean-language research on the topic.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Human Rights Practice following peer review. The version of record Wolman, A. and Chung, D. (2021). Human Rights Institutionalisation at the Local Level: A Case Study of Sub-National Human Rights Commissions in Korea. Journal of Human Rights Practice, is to be available online at: http://jhrp.oxfordjournals.org/
Publisher Keywords: Korea; Sub-National Human Rights Institutions; Local Government; Human Rights Commissions; Human Rights Ordinances
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
J Political Science
J Political Science > JS Local government Municipal government
Departments: The City Law School > Academic Programmes
The City Law School > International Law and Affairs Group
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2021 08:58
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/25840
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