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The European Union as a Digital Trade Actor: The Challenge of Being a Global Leader in Standard-Setting

Fahey, E. ORCID: 0000-0003-2603-5300 (2021). The European Union as a Digital Trade Actor: The Challenge of Being a Global Leader in Standard-Setting. International Trade Law and Regulation, 27(2), pp. 155-166.


The EU’s ambitious and far-reaching efforts at de facto and de jure regulation of high data standards is increasingly expressed as a global standard. It is mostly in the area of protection of privacy standards where the EU has innovated, but which raise complexities for the place of standards more broadly in digital trade. The challenge remains for the EU to upload its standards to multilateral agreements. However, developments as a digital services tax show the significance of the regulation of the digital matters outside of trade agreements.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in International Trade Law and Regulation following peer review. The definitive published version is available online on Westlaw UK.
Publisher Keywords: Data protection; Data security; E-commerce; European Union; Free trade agreements; International trade
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Departments: The City Law School > Academic Programmes
The City Law School > International Law and Affairs Group
Date available in CRO: 15 Jul 2021 13:24
Date deposited: 15 July 2021
Date of acceptance: 31 January 2021
Date of first online publication: 1 March 2021
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

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