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On Extreme Waves in Directional Seas with Presence of Oblique Current

Wang, J., Ma, Q. and Yan, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-8968-6616 (2021). On Extreme Waves in Directional Seas with Presence of Oblique Current. Applied Ocean Research, 112, 102586.. doi: 10.1016/j.apor.2021.102586

Abstract

This paper will address two questions: i) How the fully nonlinear wave-current interactions modify the extreme wave statistics, spectrum characteristics and average shape of extreme waves in directional seas subject to current with different incident angles; ii) Whether the NewWave model is adequate to describe the average shape of nonlinear extreme waves in directional seas with presence of opposing and oblique current. This study employs fully nonlinear numerical simulations, and the results demonstrate that current can enhance the wave crest exceedance probability at distribution tail and kurtosis, broaden the spectra, and cause severe vertical and horizontal asymmetry of extreme wave profiles depending on the incident angle and initial wave steepness. The assessment on the NewWave models reveals that they fail to predict the reduction of the crest width with increasing current incident angle and significantly underestimate the asymmetry parameters for large steepness waves.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ . This article has been published in Applied Ocean Research, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2021.102586
Publisher Keywords: Wave-current interactions, NewWave, Large-scale simulations, Phase-resolved wave modelling, Fully nonlinear potential model
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
Date available in CRO: 21 Jul 2021 09:29
Date deposited: 21 July 2021
Date of acceptance: 10 February 2021
Date of first online publication: 8 May 2021
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26473
[img] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 8 July 2022 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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