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Process evaluation of co-designed interventions to improve communication of positive newborn bloodspot screening results

Chudleigh, J. H. ORCID: 0000-0002-7334-8708, Holder, P., Moody, L., Simpson, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-3286-9846, Southern, K., Morris, S., Fusco, F., Ulph, F., Bryon, M., Bonham, J. R. and Olander, E. K. ORCID: 0000-0001-7792-9895 (2021). Process evaluation of co-designed interventions to improve communication of positive newborn bloodspot screening results. BMJ Open, 11(8), e050773. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-050773

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To implement and evaluate co-designed interventions to improve communication of positive newborn bloodspot screening results and make recommendations for future research and practice.

DESIGN: A process evaluation underpinned by Normalisation Process Theory.

SETTING: Three National Health Service provider organisations in England.

PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four healthcare professionals (7 newborn screening laboratory staff and 24 clinicians) and 18 parents were interviewed.

INTERVENTIONS: Three co-designed interventions were implemented in practice: standardised laboratory proformas, communication checklists and an email/letter template.

PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Acceptability and feasibility of the co-designed interventions.

RESULTS: Auditing the implementation of these interventions revealed between 58%-76% of the items on the laboratory proforma and 43%-80% of items on the communication checklists were completed. Interviews with healthcare professionals who had used the interventions in practice provided positive feedback in relation to the purpose of the interventions and the ease of completion both of which were viewed as enhancing communication of positive newborn bloodspot screening results. Interviews with parents highlighted the perceived benefit of the co-designed interventions in terms of consistency, pacing and tailoring of information as well as providing reliable information to families following communication of the positive newborn bloodspot screening result. The process evaluation illuminated organisational and contextual barriers during implementation of the co-designed interventions in practice.

CONCLUSION: Variations in communication practices for positive newborn bloodspot screening results continue to exist. The co-designed interventions could help to standardise communication of positive newborn screening results from laboratories to clinicians and from clinicians to parents which in turn could improve parents' experience of receiving a positive newborn bloodspot screening result. Implementation highlighted some organisational and contextual barriers to effective adoption of the co-designed interventions in practice.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN15330120.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made. See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Subjects: R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Midwifery & Radiography
School of Health Sciences > Nursing
Project Input:
Project IDFunder NameFunder ID
16/52/25NIHRhttp://doi.org/10.13039/501100000272
Date available in CRO: 02 Nov 2021 09:56
Date deposited: 2 November 2021
Date of acceptance: 13 August 2021
Date of first online publication: 27 August 2021
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26981
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