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Assessment and retrofitting of an existing steel structure subjected to wind-induced failure analysis

Maraveas, C. and Tsavdaridis, K. D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8349-3979 (2019). Assessment and retrofitting of an existing steel structure subjected to wind-induced failure analysis. Journal of Building Engineering, 23, pp. 53-67. doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.01.005

Abstract

Wind loads are a major threat for old corroded steel structures constructed near the sea where wind speeds can be very high. This paper presents a case study of a wind-induced failure analysis of an existing steel structure and the proposed retrofitting methods. The examined steel structure was constructed in the 1970s in Syros, Greece and is currently operating as an athletic centre. The first part of this study presents the wind-induced failure analysis, from which a domino effect is documented. A corroded bracing that was buckled due to wind load governs the reduction of vertical load carrying of the steel structure and creates an asymmetry under horizontal loading before a number of other steel members failed due to buckling. To understand the structure's performance, failure analysis, as well as time history and incremental dynamic analysis, were performed. The second part of this paper presents the proposed retrofitting methods for improving the vertical load carrying capacity under wind loads. The goal was to improve the load-carrying capacity of the structure so as to comply with current design European codes. In addition, enhancement of the dynamic properties of the strengthened structure was demonstrated using modal analyses. The structural behaviour was determined in a more precise manner via non-linear wind time-history and incremental static analyses. The analytical results explain the development of failures in the existing structure.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) licence. This licence only allows you to download this work and share it with others as long as you credit the authors, but you can’t change the article in any way or use it commercially. More information and the full terms of the licence here: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/
Publisher Keywords: wind-induced analysis, steel buckling, structural assessment, strengthening, rehabilitation, repair, time-history analysis, incremental static analysis, modal analysis
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
Date available in CRO: 01 Nov 2021 15:12
Date deposited: 1 November 2021
Date of acceptance: 5 January 2019
Date of first online publication: 11 January 2019
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26991
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