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Experimental benchmark and code validation for airfoils equipped with passive vortex generators

Baldacchino, D., Manolesos, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-5506-6061, Ferreira, C., González Salcedo, A., Aparicio, M., Chaviaropoulos, T., Diakakis, K., Florentie, L., García, N. R., Papadakis, G., Sørensen, N. N., Timmer, N., Troldborg, N., Voutsinas, S. G. and van Zuijlen, A. (2016). Experimental benchmark and code validation for airfoils equipped with passive vortex generators. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 753(2), 022002. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/753/2/022002

Abstract

Experimental results and complimentary computations for airfoils with vortex generators are compared in this paper, as part of an effort within the AVATAR project to develop tools for wind turbine blade control devices. Measurements from two airfoils equipped with passive vortex generators, a 30% thick DU97W300 and an 18% thick NTUA T18 have been used for benchmarking several simulation tools. These tools span low-to-high complexity, ranging from engineering-level integral boundary layer tools to fully-resolved computational fluid dynamics codes. Results indicate that with appropriate calibration, engineering-type tools can capture the effects of vortex generators and outperform more complex tools. Fully resolved CFD comes at a much higher computational cost and does not necessarily capture the increased lift due to the VGs. However, in lieu of the limited experimental data available for calibration, high fidelity tools are still required for assessing the effect of vortex generators on airfoil performance.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Content from this work may be used under the terms of theCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
Date available in CRO: 03 Nov 2021 08:55
Date deposited: 3 November 2021
Date of first online publication: 3 October 2016
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/27009
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