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Brain Light-Tissue Interaction Modelling: Towards a non-invasive sensor for Traumatic Brain Injury

Roldan, M., Chatterjee, S. & Kyriacou, P. A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2868-485X (2021). Brain Light-Tissue Interaction Modelling: Towards a non-invasive sensor for Traumatic Brain Injury. 2021 43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC), 2021, ISSN 2375-7477 doi: 10.1109/EMBC46164.2021.9630909

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, yet there is no systematic approach to monitor TBI non-invasively. The main motivation of this work is to create new knowledge relating to light brain interaction using a Monte Carlo Model, which could aid in the development of non-invasive optical sensors for the continuous assessment of TBI. To this aim, a multilayer model tissue-model of adult human head was developed and explored at the near-infrared optical wavelength. Investigation reveals that maximum light (40-50%) is absorbed in the skull and the minimum light is absorbed in the subarachnoid space (0-1%). It was found that the absorbance of light decreases with increasing source-detector separation up to 3cm where light travels through the subarachnoid space, after which the absorbance increases with the increasing separation. Such information will be helpful towards the modelling of neurocritical brain tissue followed by the sensor development.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2021 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Patient monitoring, Monte Carlo methods, Systematics, Sensitivity, Biological system modeling, Brain modeling, Space exploration
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
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