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Data-based, reduced-order, dynamic estimator for reconstruction of nonlinear flows exhibiting limit-cycle oscillations

Guzmán-Iñigo, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-1833-6034, Sodar, M. A. & Papadakis, G. (2019). Data-based, reduced-order, dynamic estimator for reconstruction of nonlinear flows exhibiting limit-cycle oscillations. Physical Review Fluids, 4(11), article number 114703. doi: 10.1103/physrevfluids.4.114703


We apply a data-based, linear dynamic estimator to reconstruct the velocity field from measurements at a single sensor point in the wake of an aerofoil. In particular, we consider a NACA0012 aerofoil at Re=600 and 16∘ angle of attack. Under these conditions, the flow exhibits a vortex shedding limit cycle. A reduced-order model of the flow field is extracted using proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). Subsequently, a subspace system identification algorithm (N4SID) is applied to extract directly the estimator matrices from the reduced output of the system (the POD coefficients). We explore systematically the effect of the number of states of the estimator, the sensor location, the type of sensor measurements (one or both velocity components), and the number of POD modes to be recovered. When the signal of a single velocity component (in the stream wise or cross stream directions) is measured, the reconstruction of the first two dominant POD modes strongly depends on the sensor location. We explore this behavior and provide a physical explanation based on the nonlinear mode interaction and the spatial distribution of the modes. When, however, both components are measured, the performance is very robust and is almost independent of the sensor location when the optimal number of estimator states is used. Reconstruction of the less energetic modes is more difficult, but still possible. Finally, we assess the robustness of the estimator at off-design conditions, at Re=550 and 650.

Publication Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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