City Research Online

Core components of project-based intervention after acquired brain injury: Delivering meaningful groups online

Behn, N. ORCID: 0000-0001-9356-9957, Hoepner, J., Meulenbroek, P. , Capo, M. & Hart, J. (2022). Core components of project-based intervention after acquired brain injury: Delivering meaningful groups online. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12834

Abstract

Background: Rehabilitation for cognitive-communication impairments following brain injury can be complex given the heterogenous nature of impairments post-injury. Project-based intervention has the potential to improve communication skills and create a meaningful real-life context where individuals collaborate to develop a concrete product, which benefits others. While evidence for this intervention is emerging, the COVID-19 pandemic prompted increased use of telehealth interventions to serve people with brain injury. This paper aims to describe a framework for the delivery of project-based intervention via telehealth within community rehabilitation settings; and present several case studies of telehealth groups completed in the United Kingdom (UK) and United States of America (USA) during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: A working group was formed to map the components of project-based intervention onto the Rehabilitation Treatment Specification System (RTSS). This system is a conceptual framework that helps to explain the link between treatment theory and ingredients, allowing a clinician to clearly understand how and why a treatment works. First, a literature search was completed to identify eligible studies on project-based intervention after brain injury. Second, those studies were thematically mapped onto the RTSS to identify important intervention components. Third, the presence of these components was assessed for community brain injury groups delivered via telehealth in the UK and USA. These groups were further described using a taxonomy of social activities that help to describe the degree of meaningful social engagement.

Results: The literature was described with a thematic RTSS summary. Treatment aims focus on skills training and self-efficacy; advocacy and self-empowerment; emotional well-being and quality of life; and collaboration and community belonging. Treatment ingredients involve a range of cognitive and behavioural supports to deliver meaningful activities and contexts to complete a project. Mechanisms of action involve learning by doing and cognitive and affective information processing. All four telehealth groups conducted in the UK and USA involved at least three treatment aims, >7 targets, and >8 treatment ingredients. All groups reported positive experiences from activities that involve working collaboratively to help others and contribute to society.

Conclusions: Project-based intervention delivered via telehealth has the potential for supporting people with acquired brain injury to improve their communication skills and engage in meaningful, collaborative activity. Application of the RTSS helps clinicians to understand the aims and therapeutic ingredients (or clinician activities) through which a person with brain injury may achieve specific treatment targets during the rehabilitation process.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Behn, N. , Hoepner, J., Meulenbroek, P. , Capo, M. & Hart, J. (2022). Core components of project-based intervention after acquired brain injury: Delivering meaningful groups online. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, , which will be published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/14606984. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
Publisher Keywords: rehabilitation, brain injury, complex interventions, social communication, Rehabilitation Treatment Specification System, group interventions, core components
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
P Language and Literature
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Language & Communication Science
[img] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 30 December 2023 due to copyright restrictions.

To request a copy, please use the button below.

Request a copy

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login