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A comprehensive deep learning method for empirical spectral prediction and its quantitative validation of nano-structured dimers

Verma, S., Chugh, S., Ghosh, S. & Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2023). A comprehensive deep learning method for empirical spectral prediction and its quantitative validation of nano-structured dimers. Scientific Reports, 13(1), article number 1129. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-28076-3


Nanophotonics exploits the best of photonics and nanotechnology which has transformed optics in recent years by allowing subwavelength structures to enhance light-matter interactions. Despite these breakthroughs, design, fabrication, and characterization of such exotic devices have remained through iterative processes which are often computationally costly, memory-intensive, and time-consuming. In contrast, deep learning approaches have recently shown excellent performance as practical computational tools, providing an alternate avenue for speeding up such nanophotonics simulations. This study presents a DNN framework for transmission, reflection, and absorption spectra predictions by grasping the hidden correlation between the independent nanostructure properties and their corresponding optical responses. The proposed DNN framework is shown to require a sufficient amount of training data to achieve an accurate approximation of the optical performance derived from computational models. The fully trained framework can outperform a traditional EM solution using on the COMSOL Multiphysics approach in terms of computational cost by three orders of magnitude. Furthermore, employing deep learning methodologies, the proposed DNN framework makes an effort to optimise design elements that influence the geometrical dimensions of the nanostructure, offering insight into the universal transmission, reflection, and absorption spectra predictions at the nanoscale. This paradigm improves the viability of complicated nanostructure design and analysis, and it has a lot of potential applications involving exotic light-matter interactions between nanostructures and electromagnetic fields. In terms of computational times, the designed algorithm is more than 700 times faster as compared to conventional FEM method (when manual meshing is used). Hence, this approach paves the way for fast yet universal methods for the characterization and analysis of the optical response of nanophotonic systems.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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