City Research Online

Estimating the Impact of a Flood Event on Property Value and Its Diminished Effect over Time

Sodial, N. F., Galkin, O. & Slingsby, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-3941-553X (2023). Estimating the Impact of a Flood Event on Property Value and Its Diminished Effect over Time. In: 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023). 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023), 13-15 Sep 2023, Leeds, UK. doi: 10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.68


With the increase in natural disasters, flood events have become more frequent and severe calling for mortgage industries to take immediate steps to mitigate the financial risk posed by floods. This study looked more closely at the underlying effects of flood disasters on historical house prices as part of a climatic stress test. The discount applied on house prices due to a flood event was achieved by leveraging a causal inference approach supported by machine learning algorithms on repeat sales property and historic flood data. While the Average Treatment Effect (ATE) was employed to estimate the effect of a flood event on house prices in an area, the Conditional Average Treatment Effect (CATE) aided in overcoming the heterogeneous nature of the data by calculating the flood effect on property prices of each postcode. LightGBM as a base estimator of the causal model worked as an advantage to capture the nonlinear relationship between the features and the outcome variable and further allowed us to interpret the contribution of each feature towards the decay of these discounts using SHAP values.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © Nazia Ferdause Sodial, Oleksandr Galkin, and Aidan Slingsby; licensed under Creative Commons License CC-BY 4.0
Publisher Keywords: Flood, Causal Inference, Machine Learning, Property Analytics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Computer Science > giCentre
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Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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