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Surface-Mounted Tilt Sensor Using Fiber Bragg Grating Technology for Engineered Slope Monitoring With Temperature Compensation

Sa'ad, M. S. M., Ahmad, H., Alias, M. A. , Zaini, M. K. A., Lim, K. S., Harun, S. W., Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832, Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961, Brambilla, G., Reduan, S. A., Bayang, L. & Ismail, M. F. (2023). Surface-Mounted Tilt Sensor Using Fiber Bragg Grating Technology for Engineered Slope Monitoring With Temperature Compensation. IEEE Sensors Journal, 23(12), pp. 12828-12837. doi: 10.1109/jsen.2023.3268649


A surface-mounted tilt sensor was designed and fabricated to measure the inclination angle of engineered structures or slopes in two directions. The device utilizes two strain-sensitive fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) for tilt angle measurement bidirectionally and one strain-free FBG to provide temperature compensation. In this work, a tilt sensor prototype was fabricated using a 3-D printer, with a robust enclosure and a miniature actuator with dimensions of 115×65×30 mm and 45×20× 3 mm, respectively. The device was first calibrated in the laboratory for tilt and temperature parameters. For tilt calibration, the device yields a sensitivity value of 0.0135 and 0.0123 nm/° for + x- and– x -directions. On the other hand, the device delivers a sensitivity value of 0.0105 nm/°C as the response to temperature changes. The tilt sensor was also tested for suitability in a real-field deployment where it was installed on a retaining wall and was left for four weeks. The field test data indicate no vertical displacement of the wall since the device exhibits zero inclination changes during the test period. This compact, robust, and easy-to-install tilt sensor has excellent potential for various geotechnical applications, mainly in landslide detections, ground movement, and engineered slope monitoring.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Engineered slope monitoring, fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs), ground movement, landslides, tilt sensor
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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