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Transonic Buffet Characteristics Under Conditions of Free and Forced Transition

Moise, P., Zauner, M., Sandham, N. D. , Timme, S. & He, W. (2023). Transonic Buffet Characteristics Under Conditions of Free and Forced Transition. AIAA Journal, 61(3), pp. 1061-1076. doi: 10.2514/1.j062362


Transonic buffet is commonly associated with self-sustained flow unsteadiness involving shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction over airfoils and wings. The phenomenon has been classified as either laminar or turbulent based on the state of the boundary layer immediately upstream of the shock foot, and distinct mechanisms for the two types have been suggested. The turbulent case is known to be associated with a global linear instability. Herein, large-eddy simulations are used for the first time to make direct comparisons of the two types by examining free- and forced-transition conditions. Corresponding simulations based on the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations for the forced-transition case are also performed for comparison with the scale-resolving approach and for linking the findings with existing literature. Coherent flow features are scrutinized using both data-based spectral proper orthogonal decomposition of the time-marched results and operator-based global linear stability and resolvent analyses within the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes framework. It is demonstrated that the essential dynamic features remain the same for the two buffet types (and for the two levels of the aerodynamic modeling hierarchy), suggesting that both types arise due to the same fundamental mechanism.

Publication Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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