City Research Online

Skew wind actions on vehicles crossing bridges with solid parapets

Camara, A., Fernandez-Elvira, L. E., Stroumpouli, C. & Jagadeesh, C. (2023). Skew wind actions on vehicles crossing bridges with solid parapets. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 240, article number 105485. doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2023.105485


This work focuses on the effect that the angle of incidence of the wind has on the flow around bridge decks with low-rise edge parapets, and how it affects the aerodynamic actions on vehicles. First, a generic deck model with different barrier configurations is studied using computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis, and it is observed that for very skew winds even relatively low barriers can deviate the flow to make it aligned with the direction of the deck, which is referred to as channelling effect in this study. The work continues with an extensive wind tunnel (WT) testing programme on a deck model that represents a realistic bridge with a conventional configuration of short side barriers. The flow visualisation and the aerodynamic forces measured on a high-sided vehicle show the existence of three different zones in terms of the skew angle of the wind, which are in agreement with the CFD results. It is concluded that skew winds can significantly increase the aerodynamic actions on the vehicles due to the reduction of the shielding area across the width of the deck, and also because of the along-deck wind channelling.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Publisher Keywords: Skew winds, Wind tunnel testing, High-sided vehicles, Bridge aerodynamics, CFD, Aerodynamic coefficients
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TG Bridge engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of wind_tunnel_bridge_vehicle_v4_rev.pdf]
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (5MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login