City Research Online

Deducing the physical characteristics of an impactor from the resultant damage on aircraft structures

Massart, P. F. R., Dhanisetty, V. S. V., Kassapoglou, C. , Verhagen, W. J. C. W. & Curran, R. ORCID: 0009-0008-4349-4449 (2020). Deducing the physical characteristics of an impactor from the resultant damage on aircraft structures. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 200-20, pp. 94-105. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2020.05.017


This paper proposes an analytical model that uses historical damage dimension data to deduce physical impactor characteristics (size and energy) that has caused a certain resulting damage. Maintenance tasks occur in operations due to impact, however the source of the damage caused in the event remains in most cases unknown. Consequently, by inferring what has caused a certain type of damage from the distribution of the damage type and severity relative to impactor types, maintainers can be better prepared in terms of what to expect from a given impactor source. The developed model introduces a novel transition deformation region between the local deformation and the global plate deflection, allowing for fast and accurate predictions of the impact event. Using the known aluminium structural properties and damage dimensions, the damage data is converted into impactor data. The model is applied in a case study using 120 fuselage dent damages dimensions (length, width, and depth) from a Boeing 777 fleet. The results show that the model deduces impactor characteristics for 94% of the considered damages, ranging up to 240 J and 110 mm for impactor energy and radius respectively.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publisher Keywords: Structural impact, Dents, Aluminium fuselage, Damage modelling, Aircraft maintenance, Impact damage, Damage impactors
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of deducing the physical damage.pdf]
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login