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Time processing in neurological and psychiatric conditions

Hinault, T., D'Argembeau, A., Bowler, D. M. ORCID: 0000-0002-9884-0627 , La Corte, V., Desaunay, P., Provasi, J., Platel, H., Tran The, J., Charretier, L., Giersch, A. & Droit-Volet, S. (2023). Time processing in neurological and psychiatric conditions. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 154, article number 105430. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2023.105430


A central question in understanding cognition and pathology-related cognitive changes is how we process time. However, time processing difficulties across several neurological and psychiatric conditions remain seldom investigated. The aim of this review is to develop a unifying taxonomy of time processing, and a neuropsychological perspective on temporal difficulties. Four main temporal judgments are discussed: duration processing, simultaneity and synchrony, passage of time, and mental time travel. We present an integrated theoretical framework of timing difficulties across psychiatric and neurological conditions based on selected patient populations. This framework provides new mechanistic insights on both (a) the processes involved in each temporal judgement, and (b) temporal difficulties across pathologies. By identifying underlying transdiagnostic time-processing mechanisms, this framework opens fruitful avenues for future research.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Publisher Keywords: Timing, Time perception, Neuropsychology, Neurology, Psychiatry
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
SWORD Depositor:
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Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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