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Integrated Aerodynamic and Mechanical Design of a Large-Scale Axial Turbine Operating With Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Mixtures

Abdeldayem, A., Paggini, A., Diurno, T. , Orazi, C., White, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-7744-1993, Ruggiero, M. & Sayma, A. I. ORCID: 0000-0003-2315-0004 (2023). Integrated Aerodynamic and Mechanical Design of a Large-Scale Axial Turbine Operating With Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Mixtures. In: Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2023. ASME Turbo Expo 2023: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, 26-30 Jun 2023, Boston, USA. doi: 10.1115/GT2023-102236


In this paper, the design of a large-scale axial turbine operating with supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) blended with sulfur dioxide (SO2) is presented considering aerodynamic and mechanical design aspects as well as the integration of the whole turbine assembly. The turbine is 130 MW, designed for a 100 MWe concentrated-solar power plant with turbine inlet conditions of 239.1 bar and 700 °C, total-to-static pressure ratio of 2.94 and mass-flow rate of 822 kg/s. The aerodynamic flow path, obtained in a previous study, is first summarised before the aerodynamic performance is evaluated using both steady-state and unsteady 3D numerical models to simulate the aerodynamic performance of the turbine. Whole-annulus unsteady simulations are performed for the last turbine stage and the exhaust section to assess the unsteady loads on the rotor due to downstream pressure field distortion and to assess aerodynamic losses of the diffuser and exhaust section. The potential low engine order excitation on the last rotor stage natural frequency modes due to downstream pressure distortion is assessed. The design of the turbine assembly is constrained by current manufacturing capabilities and the proposed working fluid properties. High-level flow-path design parameters, such as pitch diameter and number of stages, are established considering a trade-off between weight and footprint, turbine efficiency and rotordynamics. Rotordynamic stability is assessed considering the high fluid density related to cross coupling effects. Finally, shaft end sizing, cooling system design and the integration of dry gas seals are discussed.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Publisher Keywords: axial turbine, sCO2 mixtures, exhaust section, rotordynamic, thermal analysis, aeromechanical integration
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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