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Optical fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based strain sensor embedded in different 3D-printed materials: A comparison of performance

Alias, M. A., Ahmad, H., Annuar Zaini, M. K. , Samion, M. Z., Mohd Sa'ad, M. S., Sing, L. K., Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832, Azizur Rahman, B. M., Brambilla, G., Reduan, S. A., Bayang, L. & Ismail, M. F. (2024). Optical fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based strain sensor embedded in different 3D-printed materials: A comparison of performance. Measurement, 225, article number 114060. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2023.114060


A compact fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based strain sensor has been developed by embedding an FBG inside a 3D-printed structure, allowing the comparison of FBG responses across different filaments such as polylactic acid (PLA), thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), polycarbonate (PC), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), and nylon. Results have shown that FBG embedded in TPU can be effective in the measurements of mechanical strain, giving a responsivity value of 17.70 pm/cm with outstanding linearity of 98 %. Furthermore, small-scale field testing conducted in below-ground environments has shown that strain sensors based on FBG embedded in TPU are the most effective. They offer a responsivity of 13.9 pm/kg with a small standard deviation and high linearity. Additionally, they have the highest temperature sensitivity value of 15.4 pm/°C compared to the other embedded FBGs. Therefore, for most industrial applications, the FBG embedded in TPU can be considered as an alternative to existing embedment methods for strain sensing applications.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2024. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: Fiber Bragg grating, Strain sensor, 3D printing technology, Thermoplastic polyurethane, Polylactic acid, Polycarbonate, Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, Nylon
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology
School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of 0129 Measurement paper 2024 - accepted Manuscript (Measurement).pdf] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 20 December 2024 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.


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