City Research Online

Content Censorship in the InterPlanetary File System

Sridhar, S., Ascigil, O., Keizer, N. , Genon, F., Pierre, S., Psaras, Y., Rivière, E. & Krol, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-3437-8621 (2024). Content Censorship in the InterPlanetary File System. In: Proceedings 2024 Network and Distributed System Security Symposium. Network and Distributed System Security Symposium, 26 Feb - 1 Mar 2024, San Diego, USA. doi: 10.14722/ndss.2024.23153


The InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) is currently the largest decentralized storage solution in operation, with thousands of active participants and millions of daily content transfers. IPFS is used as remote data storage for numerous blockchain-based smart contracts, Non-Fungible Tokens (NFT), and decentralized applications.

We present a content censorship attack that can be executed with minimal effort and cost, and that prevents the retrieval of any chosen content in the IPFS network. The attack exploits a conceptual issue in a core component of IPFS, the Kademlia Distributed Hash Table (DHT), which is used to resolve content IDs to peer addresses. We provide efficient detection and mitigation mechanisms for this vulnerability. Our mechanisms achieve a 99.6% detection rate and mitigate 100% of the detected attacks with minimal signaling and computational overhead. We followed responsible disclosure procedures, and our countermeasures are scheduled for deployment in the future versions of IPFS.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Originally published by the Internet Society -
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Science & Technology
School of Science & Technology > Computer Science
School of Science & Technology > Computer Science > Software Reliability
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of ndss.pdf]
Text - Published Version
Download (1MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login