City Research Online

Analysis of continuously variable transmission for flywheel energy storage systems in vehicular application

Dhand, A. & Pullen, K. R. (2015). Analysis of continuously variable transmission for flywheel energy storage systems in vehicular application. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 229(2), pp. 273-290. doi: 10.1177/0954406214533096


Energy storage devices are an essential part of hybrid and electric vehicles. The most commonly used ones are batteries, ultra capacitors and high speed flywheels. Among these, the flywheel is the only device that keeps the energy stored in its original form i.e. mechanical energy. In order to connect the flywheel with the vehicle drive line, a suitable means is needed which would allow the flywheel to vary its speed continuously, in other words a continuously variable transmission (CVT) is needed. To improve the efficiency and range of the variators, a power spilt CVT (PSCVT) is one of the suitable options. This paper discusses the kinematics of PSCVT used to connect the flywheel to the driveline. The characteristic equations of the PSCVT have been derived for various types of PSCVT including the power recirculating and the multi regime type in both directions of power flow. An example of a PSCVT for a flywheel energy storage system (FESS) is computed using the derived equations. Finally the results, including powers and efficiencies for different types are compared.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright SAGE 2015
Publisher Keywords: Flywheel, Planetary gear set, Continuously variable transmission, Kinematics, Efficiency
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of JMES2015.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Download (974kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login