Supervised Partial Volume Effect Unmixing for Brain Tumor Characterization using Multi-voxel MR Spectroscopic Imaging

Slabaugh, G.G., Asad, M. & Yang, G. (2016). Supervised Partial Volume Effect Unmixing for Brain Tumor Characterization using Multi-voxel MR Spectroscopic Imaging. Paper presented at the 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, 13-16 Apr 2016, Prague, Czech Republic.

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Abstract

A major challenge faced by multi-voxel Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MV-MRS) imaging is partial volume effect (PVE), where signals from two or more tissue types may be mixed within a voxel. This problem arises due to the low resolution data acquisition, where the size of a voxel is kept relatively large to improve the signal to noise ratio. We propose a novel supervised Signal Mixture Model (SMM), which characterizes the MV-MRS signal into normal, low grade (infiltrative) and high grade (necrotic) brain tissue types, while accounting for in-type variation. An optimization problem is solved based on differential equations, to unmix the tissue by estimating mixture coefficients corresponding to each tissue type at each voxel. This enables visualization of probability heatmaps, useful for characterizing heterogeneous tumors. Experimental results show an overall accuracy of 91.67% and 88.89% for classifying tumors into either low or high grade against histopathology, and demonstrate the method's potential for non-invasive computer-aided diagnosis.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: School of Informatics > Department of Computing
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14219

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