A Gaze-enabled Graph Visualization to Improve Graph Reading Tasks

Okoe, M., Alam, S. S. & Jianu, R. (2014). A Gaze-enabled Graph Visualization to Improve Graph Reading Tasks. Computer Graphics Forum, 33(3), pp. 251-260. doi: 10.1111/cgf.12381

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Abstract

Performing typical network tasks such as node scanning and path tracing can be difficult in large and dense graphs. To alleviate this problem we use eye-tracking as an interactive input to detect tasks that users intend to perform and then produce unobtrusive visual changes that support these tasks. First, we introduce a novel fovea based filtering that dims out edges with endpoints far removed from a user's view focus. Second, we highlight edges that are being traced at any given moment or have been the focus of recent attention. Third, we track recently viewed nodes and increase the saliency of their neighborhoods. All visual responses are unobtrusive and easily ignored to avoid unintentional distraction and to account for the imprecise and low-resolution nature of eye-tracking. We also introduce a novel gaze-correction approach that relies on knowledge about the network layout to reduce eye-tracking error. Finally, we present results from a controlled user study showing that our methods led to a statistically significant accuracy improvement in one of two network tasks and that our gaze-correction algorithm enables more accurate eye-tracking interaction.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Okoe, M., Alam, S. S. & Jianu, R. (2014). A Gaze-enabled Graph Visualization to Improve Graph Reading Tasks. Computer Graphics Forum, 33(3), pp. 251-260., which has been published in final form at http:/dx.doi.org/10.1111/cgf.12381. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eye tracking, gaze contingent graph visualization
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: School of Informatics > Department of Computing
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15378

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