Yang, H., Yan, S., Ma, Q., Lu, J. & Zhou, Y. (2016). Turbulence modelling and role of compressibility on oil spilling from a damaged double hull tank. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, doi: 10.1002/fld.4294
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The viscosity plays an important role, and a multiphase solver is necessary to numerically simulate the oil spilling from a damaged double hull tank (DHT). However, it is uncertain whether turbulence modelling is necessary, which turbulence model is suitable; and what the role of compressibility of the fluids is. This paper presents experimental and numerical investigations to address these issues for various cases representing different scenarios of the oil spilling, including grounding and collision. In the numerical investigations, various approaches to model the turbulence, including the large eddy simulation (LES), direct numerical simulation and the Reynolds average Navier-Stokes equation (RANS) with different turbulence models, are employed. Based on the investigations, it is suggested that the effective Reynolds numbers corresponding to both oil outflow and water inflow shall be considered when classifying the significance of the turbulence and selecting the appropriate turbulence models. This is confirmed by new lab tests considering the axial offset between the internal and the external holes on two hulls of the DHT. The investigations conclude for numerically simulating oil spilling from a damaged DHT that when the effective Re is smaller the RANS approaches should not be used and LES modelling should be employed; while when the effective Reynolds numbers is large, the RANS models may be used as they can give similar results to LES in terms of the height of the mixture in the ballast tank and discharge but costing much less CPU time. The investigation on the role of the compressibility of the fluid reveals that the compressibility of the fluid may be considerable in a small temporal-spatial scale but plays an insignificant role on macroscopic process of the oil spilling.
|Additional Information:||This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Yang, H., Yan, S., Ma, Q., Lu, J., and Zhou, Y. (2016) Turbulence modelling and role of compressibility on oil spilling from a damaged double hull tank. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Fluids, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fld.4294. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Turbulence modelling; compressibility; comparative study; oil Spilling; DHT|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery|
|Divisions:||School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering|
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