A numerical study on droplet-particle collision dynamics

Malgarinos, I., Nikolopoulos, N. & Gavaises, M. (2016). A numerical study on droplet-particle collision dynamics. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2016.06.010

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Abstract

The impact of liquid droplets onto spherical stationary solid particles under isothermal conditions is simulated. The CFD model solves the Navier-Stokes equations in three dimensions and employs the Volume of Fluid Method (VOF) coupled with an adaptive local grid refinement technique able to track the liquid-gas interface. A fast-marching algorithm suitable for the quick computation of distance functions required during the grid refinement in large 3-D computational domains is proposed. The numerical model is validated against experimental data for the case of a water droplet impact onto a spherical particle at low We number and room temperature conditions. Following that, a parametric study is undertaken examining (a) the effect of Weber number (= ρu2Do/σ) in the range of 8 to 80 and (b) the droplet to particle size ratio ranging in-between 0.31 and 1.24, on the impact outcome. This has resulted to the identification of two distinct regimes that form during droplet-particle collisions: the partial/full rebound and the coating regimes; the latter results to the disintegration of secondary satellite droplets from elongated expanding liquid ligaments forming behind the particle. Additionally, the temporal evolution of variables of interest, such as the maximum dimensionless liquid film thickness and the average wetting coverage of the solid particle by the liquid, have been quantified. The present study assists the understanding of the physical processes governing the impact of liquids onto solid spherical surfaces occurring in industrial applications, including fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) reactors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: VOF; Impingement; Droplet; Particle; Collisions; Local refinement
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15666

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