Large Eddy Simulation of Diesel injector including cavitation effects and correlation to erosion damage

Koukouvinis, P., Gavaises, M., Li, J. & Wang, L. (2016). Large Eddy Simulation of Diesel injector including cavitation effects and correlation to erosion damage. Fuel, 175, pp. 26-39. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2016.02.037

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The present paper focuses on erosion development due to cavitation inside Diesel injectors. Two similar injector designs are discussed both in terms of numerical simulation and experimental results from X-ray CT scans. In order to capture the complex flow field and cavitation structures forming in the injector, Large Eddy Simulation along with a two phase homogenous mixture model were employed and compressibility of the liquid was included as well. During the simulation, pressure peaks have been found in areas of vapour collapse, with magnitude beyond 4000 bar, which is higher than the yield stress of common materials employed in the manufacturing of such injectors. The locations of such pressure peaks correspond well with the actual erosion locations as found from X-ray scans. The present work is the first to correlate pressure peaks due to vapour collapse with erosion development in industrial injectors with moving needle including comparison with experiments.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diesel injector; LES; Cavitation; Erosion; X-Ray CT scans
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering

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