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Mindfulness reduces the correspondence bias

Hopthrow, T., Hooper, N., Mahmood, L., Meier, B.P. and Weger, U. (2017). Mindfulness reduces the correspondence bias. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70(3), pp. 351-360. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1149498

Abstract

The correspondence bias (CB) refers to the idea that people sometimes give undue weight to dispositional rather than situational factors when explaining behaviours and attitudes. Three experiments examined whether mindfulness, a non-judgmental focus on the present moment, could reduce the CB. Participants engaged in a brief mindfulness exercise (the raisin task), a control task, or an attention to detail task before completing a typical CB measure involving an attitude-attribution paradigm. The results indicated that participants in the mindfulness condition experienced a significant reduction in the CB compared to participants in the control or attention to detail conditions. These results suggest that mindfulness training can play a unique role in reducing social biases related to person perception.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology on 04/03/2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17470218.2016.1149498.
Publisher Keywords: Correspondence Bias, Mindfulness, Fundamental Attribution Error
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/16691
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