Basic values, ideological self-placement, and voting: A cross-cultural study

Caprara, G. V., Vecchione, M., Schwartz, S. H., Schoen, H., Bain, P., Silvester, J., Cieciuch, J., Pavlopoulos, V. & Bianchi, C. (2016). Basic values, ideological self-placement, and voting: A cross-cultural study. Cross-Cultural Research,

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The current study examines the contribution of right-left (or conservative-liberal) ideology to voting, as well as the extent to which basic values account for ideological orientation. Analyses were conducted in 16 countries from 5 continents (Europe, North-America, South-America, Asia, and Oceania), most of which have been neglected by previous studies. Results showed that left-right (or liberal-conservative) ideology predicted voting in all countries except Ukraine. Basic values exerted a considerable effect in predicting ideology in most countries, especially in established democracies like Australia, Finland, Italy, UK, and Germany. Pattern of relations with the whole set of ten values revealed that the critical trade-off underlying ideology is between values concerned with tolerance and protection for the welfare of all people (universalism) versus values concerned with preserving the social order and status quo (security). A noteworthy exception was found in European post-communist countries, where relations of values with ideology were small (Poland) or near to zero (Ukraine, Slovakia).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017 SAGE
Uncontrolled Keywords: basic values; ideology; left-right; political orientation; voting
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
J Political Science > JC Political theory
Divisions: Cass Business School

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