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The Influence of postpartum posttraumatic Stress Disorders on the childhood Development: a population-based Two-year follow-up Study

Garthus-Niegel, S., Ayers, S., von Soest, T., Weidner, K. and Eberhard-Gran, M. (2017). The Influence of postpartum posttraumatic Stress Disorders on the childhood Development: a population-based Two-year follow-up Study. Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, 63(1), pp. 54-55.

Abstract

Background.
Against the background of very limited evidence, the present study aimed to prospectively examine the impact of maternal postpartum PTSD symptoms on four important areas of child development, i.e. gross motor, fine motor, communication, and social-emotional development.

Methods.
This study is part of the large, population based Akershus Birth Cohort. Data from the hospital’s birth record as well as questionnaire data from 8 weeks and 2 years postpartum were used (n=1,472). The domains of child development that were significantly correlated with PTSD symptoms were entered into regression analyses. Interaction analyses were run to test whether the influence of postpartum PTSD symptoms on child development was moderated by child sex or infant temperament.

Results.
Postpartum PTSD symptoms had a prospective relationship with poor child social-emotional development two years later. This relationship remained significant even when adjusting for confounders such as maternal depression and anxiety or infant temperament. Both child sex and infant temperament moderated the association between maternal PTSD symptoms and child socialemotional development, i.e. with increasing maternal PTSD symptom load, boys and children with a difficult temperament showed to have comparatively higher levels of social-emotional problems.

Conclusions.
Examining four different domains of child development, we found a prospective impact of postpartum PTSD symptoms on children’s social-emotional development at two years of age. Our findings suggest that both boys and children with an early difficult temperament may be particularly susceptible to the adverse impact of postpartum PTSD symptoms. Additional studies are needed to further investigate the mechanisms at work.

Publication Type: Article
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Midwifery & Radiography
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/18042
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