Treatment of Tuberculosis in Complex Emergencies in Developing Countries: A Scoping Review

Munn-Mace, G. & Parmar, D. (2017). Treatment of Tuberculosis in Complex Emergencies in Developing Countries: A Scoping Review. Health Policy and Planning,

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Abstract

Almost 172 million people live in complex emergencies globally resulting from political and/or economic instability. The provision and continuity of health care in complex emergencies remain a significant challenge. Health agencies are often hesitant to implement tuberculosis programmes in particular because its treatment requires a longer commitment than most acute diseases. However, not treating tuberculosis promptly increases mortality and untreated tuberculosis further increases the incidence of tuberculosis. Given that complex emergencies are increasing globally, there is an urgent need to analyse the available evidence to improve our understanding of how best to deliver tuberculosis programmes in such settings. Using a scoping review method, we selected and analysed fifteen studies on tuberculosis programmes in complex emergencies. We found that despite the challenges, tuberculosis programmes have been successful in complex emergencies. We identified seven cross-cutting factors that were found to be important: service providers and treatment regime, training and supervision, donor support, adherence, leadership and coordination, monitoring, and government and community support. In general, programmes showed greater creativity and flexibility to adapt to the local conditions and at times, it also meant diverting from the WHO guidelines. We identify areas of further research including the need to study the effectiveness of programmes that divert from the WHO guidelines and their implication on drug resistance.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Health Policy and Planning following peer review. The version of record Munn-Mace, G. & Parmar, D. (2017). Treatment of Tuberculosis in Complex Emergencies in Developing Countries: A Scoping Review. Health Policy and Planning, is available online at: http://heapol.oxfordjournals.org/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tuberculosis, scoping review, complex emergencies, conflict
Divisions: School of Health Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/18440

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