Assessment of sub-Nyquist deterministic and random data sampling techniques for operational modal analysis

Gkoktsi, K. & Giaralis, A. (2017). Assessment of sub-Nyquist deterministic and random data sampling techniques for operational modal analysis. Structural Health Monitoring, 16(5), pp. 630-646. doi: 10.1177/1475921717725029

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This paper assesses numerically the potential of two different spectral estimation approaches supporting non-uniform in time data sampling at sub-Nyquist average rates (i.e., below the Nyquist frequency) to reduce data transmission payloads in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for operational modal analysis (OMA) of civil engineering structures. This consideration relaxes transmission bandwidth constraints in WSNs and prolongs sensor battery life since wireless transmission is the most energy-hungry on-sensor operation. Both the approaches assume acquisition of sub-Nyquist structural response acceleration measurements and transmission to a base station without on-sensor processing. The response acceleration power spectral density matrix is estimated directly from the sub-Nyquist measurements and structural mode shapes are extracted using the frequency domain decomposition algorithm. The first approach relies on the compressive sensing (CS) theory to treat sub-Nyquist randomly sampled data assuming that the acceleration signals are sparse/compressible in the frequency domain (i.e., have a small number of Fourier coefficients with significant magnitude). The second approach is based on a power spectrum blind sampling (PSBS) technique considering periodic deterministic sub-Nyquist “multi-coset” sampling and treating the acceleration signals as wide-sense stationary stochastic processes without posing any sparsity conditions. The modal assurance criterion (MAC) is adopted to quantify the quality of mode shapes derived by the two approaches at different sub-Nyquist compression rates (CRs) using computer-generated signals of different sparsity and field-recorded stationary data pertaining to an overpass in Zurich, Switzerland. It is shown that for a given CR, the performance of the CS-based approach is detrimentally affected by signal sparsity, while the PSBS-based approach achieves MAC>0.96 independently of signal sparsity for CRs as low as 11% the Nyquist rate. It is concluded that the PSBS-based approach reduces effectively data transmission requirements in WSNs for OMA, without being limited by signal sparsity and without requiring a priori assumptions or knowledge of signal sparsity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Gkoktsi, K. & Giaralis, A., Assessment of sub-Nyquist deterministic and random data sampling techniques for operational modal analysis, Structural Health Monitoring, 16(5) pp. xx-xx. Copyright © 2017 Sage Publications. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
Uncontrolled Keywords: multi-coset sampling, sub-Nyquist sampling, compressive sensing, power spectrum estimation, operational modal analysis, signal sparsity.
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering

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