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The role of attention at retrieval on the false recognition of negative emotional DRM lists

Shah, D. and Knott, L. (2017). The role of attention at retrieval on the false recognition of negative emotional DRM lists. Memory, doi: 10.1080/09658211.2017.1349803

Abstract

This study examined the role of attention at retrieval on the false recognition of emotional items using the Deese–Roediger–McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Previous research has shown that divided attention at test increases false remember judgements for neutral critical lures. However, no research has yet directly assessed emotional false memories when attention is manipulated at retrieval. To examine this, participants studied negative (low in valence and high in arousal) and neutral DRM lists and completed recognition tests under conditions of full and divided attention. Results revealed that divided attention at retrieval increased false remember judgements for all critical lures compared to retrieval under full attention, but in both retrieval conditions, false memories were greater for negative compared to neutral stimuli. We believe that this is due to reliance on a more easily accessible (meaning of the word) but less diagnostic form of source monitoring, amplified under conditions of divided attention.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Memory on 18 Jul 2017, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2017.1349803
Publisher Keywords: DRM paradigm, divided attention, false memory, emotion, retrieval
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/18715
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