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Robustness and the Paradox of Bridging Organizations: The Exit Problem in Regional Water Governance Networks in Central America

Hileman, J., Bastos, M. T. and Lubell, M. (2018). Robustness and the Paradox of Bridging Organizations: The Exit Problem in Regional Water Governance Networks in Central America. Society and Natural Resources, doi: 10.1080/08941920.2017.1423436

Abstract

Bridging organizations facilitate a range of governance processes, including cooperation and social learning, and are theorized to be a key component of robust governance systems. In this article, we use node removal simulations to test structural hypotheses of robustness in a regional water governance network in Central America. We investigate the response of network measures supporting core governance processes to the targeted removal of bridging organizations and other actors, which we compare to random and centrality-based simulations. The results indicate removing bridging organizations has a greater impact on the network than any other type of actor, suggesting bridging organizations are critical to the robustness of the governance system. Furthermore, network structures supporting cooperation may be less robust than structures facilitating social learning. We conclude with policy implications of the research findings as they relate to the exit problem in governance systems with a large presence of international development actors.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Society and Natural Resources on 1 feb 2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/08941920.2017.1423436
Publisher Keywords: Bridging organizations, environmental governance, exit problem, international development, network robustness
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Sociology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/19067
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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