Who is the better eyewitness? Adults and children

Otgaar, H., Howe, M. L., Merckelbach, H. & Muris, P. (2018). Who is the better eyewitness? Adults and children. Current Directions in Psychological Science,

[img]
Preview
Text - Accepted Version
Download (298kB) | Preview

Abstract

Suggestibility is regarded as a major issue when children testify in court. Many legal professionals and memory researchers view children as inferior witnesses. Although differences exist between children and adults in suggestibility, these are much more complex than is usually assumed. We show that under certain conditions, adults are more susceptible to suggestion and false memories than children. We demonstrate that age-related shifts in suggestibility and false memory appear contingent on how fast and automatic children and adults make associations when experiencing events. Specifically, when confronted with suggestive information about a related, but non-experienced detail, adults more frequently than children, automatically generate links between items experienced and those already in memory making them more susceptible to suggestion than children.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Otgaar, H., Howe, M. L., Merckelbach, H. & Muris, P. Who is the better eyewitness? Adults and children. Current Directions in Psychological Science. Copyright © 2018, the authors. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Suggestibility; Development; False Memory; Developmental Reversal; Associative Activation
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/19272

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics