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Design and Characterization Low-loss modes in Dielectric-Coated Hollow-core waveguides at THz Frequency

Aming, A. and Rahman, B. M. A. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2018). Design and Characterization Low-loss modes in Dielectric-Coated Hollow-core waveguides at THz Frequency. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 36(13), pp. 2716-2722. doi: 10.1109/JLT.2018.2820690

Abstract

Designs of hollow-core rectangular, circular, and elliptical waveguides with inner coating of silver and polystyrene (PS) are presented for low-loss terahertz guidance. The PS thickness deposited over silver is optimized to achieve the lowest possible loss for each waveguide at the frequency of 2.5 THz. The mode also tends to be a near-Gaussian in shape, easy for coupling to transmitter and receiver. The lowest propagation loss of 0.13 dB/m is obtained for the mode in a circular waveguide with 2200 μm bore diameter by using a full-vectorial finite element method. It is also shown here that rectangular and elliptical waveguides with a similar core area offer a lower loss value for the Hp21 mode and the LP02 mode, respectively, compared to a circular waveguide. Besides this optimized rectangular waveguide not only shows a minimum loss of 0.09 dB/m but with 4 times higher loss for the other polarization, hence the polarization state of the signal can also be maintained in this waveguide.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Finite element method (FEM), Terahertz (THz) waveguide, Dielectric-coated hollow core waveguide, metal-clad dielectric waveguides, modal solutions
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/19760
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