Determination of the aerodynamic droplet breakup boundaries based on a total force approach

Strotos, G., Malgarinos, I., Nikolopoulos, N., Gavaises, M., Nikas, K-S. & Moustris, K. (2018). Determination of the aerodynamic droplet breakup boundaries based on a total force approach. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 69, pp. 164-173. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2018.01.001

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Abstract

The determination of the critical Weg number separating the different breakup regimes has been extensively studied in several experimental and numerical works, while empirical and semi-analytical approaches have been proposed to relate the critical Weg number with the Ohl number. Nevertheless, under certain conditions, the Reg number and the density ratio ε may become important. The present work provides a simple but reliable enough methodology to determine the critical Weg number as a function of the aforementioned parameters in an effort to fill this gap in knowledge. It considers the main forces acting on the droplet (aerodynamic, surface tension and viscous) and provides a general criterion for breakup to occur but also for the transition among the different breakup regimes. In this light, the present work proposes the introduction of a new set of parameters named as Weg,eff and Cal monitored in a new breakup plane. This plane provides a direct relation between gas inertia and liquid viscosity forces, while the secondary effects of Reg number and density ratio have been embedded inside the effective Weg number (Weg,eff)

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018, Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Droplet breakup, Critical We number, VOF simulations
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/19882

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