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Generation of periodic surface structures on silica fibre surfaces using 405 nm CW diode lasers

Gonschior, C. P., Klein, K.-F., Sun, T. and Grattan, K. T. V. (2013). Generation of periodic surface structures on silica fibre surfaces using 405 nm CW diode lasers. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 361(1), pp. 106-110. doi: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.11.004

Abstract

Periodic surface structures have been observed on the end surfaces of synthetic silica fibres when they are exposed to long-term irradiation with light from a 405 nm CW diode laser. The surface structures are generated when the laser power is at a level which is three magnitudes of order lower than that of the damage threshold. They exhibit multiple bends, break-ups and bifurcations, unlike interference patterns but rather like the effect caused by short-pulsed laser irradiation on wide band-gap insulators. The detailed investigation undertaken in this work has concluded that the key parameters that contribute to the generation of the surface structures are power density, surface roughness, polarisation direction and the presence of ultraviolet defect centres.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: single-mode laser, single-mode fibre, surface damage, periodic surface structures, ultraviolet defect centres
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/2053
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