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Machine learning CICY threefolds

Bull, K., He, Y. ORCID: 0000-0002-0787-8380, Jejjala, V. and Mishra, C. (2018). Machine learning CICY threefolds. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 785, pp. 65-72. doi: 10.1016/j.physletb.2018.08.008

Abstract

The latest techniques from Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines (SVM) are used to investigate geometric properties of Complete Intersection Calabi–Yau (CICY) threefolds, a class of manifolds that facilitate string model building. An advanced neural network classifier and SVM are employed to (1) learn Hodge numbers and report a remarkable improvement over previous efforts, (2) query for favourability, and (3) predict discrete symmetries, a highly imbalanced problem to which both Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique (SMOTE) and permutations of the CICY matrix are used to decrease the class imbalance and improve performance. In each case study, we employ a genetic algorithm to optimise the hyperparameters of the neural network. We demonstrate that our approach provides quick diagnostic tools capable of shortlisting quasi-realistic string models based on compactification over smooth CICYs and further supports the paradigm that classes of problems in algebraic geometry can be machine learned.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Machine learning, Neural network, Support Vector Machine, Calabi–Yau, String compactifications
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Mathematics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/20647
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