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Design of Power-Splitter With Selectable Splitting-Ratio Using Angled and Cascaded MMI-Coupler

Jiang, W. and Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2018). Design of Power-Splitter With Selectable Splitting-Ratio Using Angled and Cascaded MMI-Coupler. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 54(6), p. 6300509. doi: 10.1109/JQE.2018.2874087

Abstract

A concept of power splitter with selectable splitting-ratios is proposed based on two multimode interference (MMI) sections connected by a phase-shifting region, in which phase-matching conditions can be fulfilled by using a simple angled section or alternatively using matched phase-shifters. The design example of an asymmetrical splitter (10 : 90) is optimized by using the transfer matrix method and three-dimensional full-vectorial beam propagation method. The numerical results reveal that a simple 1.2° angled section can yield a 10 : 90 splitter with an insertion loss of 0.74 dB and a total length of 192 μm. It is also shown that, for the cascaded MMI couplers based splitter, a more compact length of 58 μm with a lower insertion loss of 0.41 dB can be achieved. The fabrication tolerances are also investigated for the proposed asymmetrical power splitter.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Phase shifters, Couplers, Transmission line matrix methods, Electrooptical waveguides, Frequency conversion, Fabrication, Silicon photonics, power splitter, multimode interference
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/21093
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