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Multi-objective optimal design of inerter-based vibration absorbers for earthquake protection of multi-storey building structures

Taflanidis, A., Giaralis, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2952-1171 and Patsialis, D. (2019). Multi-objective optimal design of inerter-based vibration absorbers for earthquake protection of multi-storey building structures. Journal of The Franklin Institute, doi: 10.1016/j.jfranklin.2019.02.022

Abstract

In recent years different inerter - based vibration absorbers (IVAs) emerged for the earthquake protection of building structures coupling viscous and tuned - mass dampers with an inerter device . In the three most popular IVAs the inerter is functioning either as a motion amplifier [tuned - viscous - mass - damper (TVMD) configuration], mass amplifier [tuned - mass - damper - inerter (T MDI) configuration], or mass substitute [tuned - inerter - damper (TID) configuration]. Previous work has shown that through proper tuning , IVAs achieve enhanced earthquake - induced vibration suppression and/or weight reduction compared to conventional dampers/absorbers , but at the expense of increased control forces exerted from the IVA to the host building structure . These potentially large forces are typically not accounted for by current IVA tuning approaches. In this regard, a multi-objective IVA design approach is herein developed to identify the compromise between the competing objectives of (i) suppressing earthquake-induced vibrations in buildings, and (ii) avoiding development of excessive IVA (control) forces, while, simultaneously, assessing the appropriateness of different modeling assumptions for practical design of IVAs for earthquake engineering applications . The potential of the approach to pinpoint Pareto optimal IVA designs against the above objectives is illustrated for different IVA placements along the height of a benchmark 9-storey steel frame structure. Objective (i) is quantified according to current performanc e-based seismic design trends using first-passage reliability criteria associated with the probability of exceeding pre-specified thresholds of storey drifts and/or floor accelerations being the engineering demand parameters (EDPs) of interest . A variant, simpler, formulation is also considered using as performance quantification the sum of EDPs variances in accordance to traditional tuning methods for dynamic vibration absorbers. Objective (ii) is quantified through the variance of the IVA force. It is found that reduction of IVA control force of up to 3 times can be achieved with insignificant deterioration of building performance com pared to the extreme Pareto optimal IVA design targeting maximum vibration suppression , while TID and TMDI a chieve practically the same building performance and significantly outperform the TVMD. Moreover, it is shown that the simpler variant formulation may provide significantly suboptimal reliability performance . Lastly, it is verified that the efficacy of optimal IVA designs for stationary conditions is maintained for non-stationary stochastic excitation model capturing typical evolutionary features of earthquake excitations .

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Inerter-based vibration suppression; seismic protection; multi-objective design; first-passage reliability; stationary response; peak inerter force
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/21609
[img] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible until 22 February 2020 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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