PT-symmetric deformations of integrable models

Fring, A. (2013). PT-symmetric deformations of integrable models. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 371(1989), p. 20120046. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2012.0046

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We review recent results on new physical models constructed as -symmetrical deformations or extensions of different types of integrable models. We present non-Hermitian versions of quantum spin chains, multi-particle systems of Calogero–Moser–Sutherland type and nonlinear integrable field equations of Korteweg–de Vries type. The quantum spin chain discussed is related to the first example in the series of the non-unitary models of minimal conformal field theories. For the Calogero–Moser–Sutherland models, we provide three alternative deformations: a complex extension for models related to all types of Coxeter/Weyl groups; models describing the evolution of poles in constrained real-valued field equations of nonlinear integrable systems; and genuine deformations based on antilinearly invariant deformed root systems. Deformations of complex nonlinear integrable field equations of Korteweg–de Vries type are studied with regard to different kinds of -symmetrical scenarios. A reduction to simple complex quantum mechanical models currently under discussion is presented.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PT-symmetry; pseudo-Hermiticity; quasi-Hermiticity; quantum spin chains; Calogero–Moser–Sutherland models; Korteweg–de Vries equations
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Science
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