Baronchelli, A., Catanzaro, M. & PastorSatorras, R. (2008). Bosonic reactiondiffusion processes on scalefree networks. Physical Review E  Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, 78(1), doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.78.016111

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Abstract
Reactiondiffusion processes can be adopted to model a large number of dynamics on complex networks, such as transport processes or epidemic outbreaks. In most cases, however, they have been studied from a fermionic perspective, in which each vertex can be occupied by at most one particle. While still useful, this approach suffers from some drawbacks, the most important probably being the difficulty to implement reactions involving more than two particles simultaneously. Here we develop a general framework for the study of bosonic reactiondiffusion processes on complex networks, in which there is no restriction on the number of interacting particles that a vertex can host. We describe these processes theoretically by means of continuoustime heterogeneous meanfield theory and divide them into two main classes: steadystate and monotonously decaying processes. We analyze specific examples of both behaviors within the class of onespecies processes, comparing the results (whenever possible) with the corresponding fermionic counterparts. We find that the time evolution and critical properties of the particle density are independent of the fermionic or bosonic nature of the process, while differences exist in the functional form of the density of occupied vertices in a given degree class k. We implement a continuoustime Monte Carlo algorithm, well suited for general bosonic simulations, which allows us to confirm the analytical predictions formulated within meanfield theory. Our results, at both the theoretical and numerical levels, can be easily generalized to tackle more complex, multispecies, reactiondiffusion processes and open a promising path for a general study and classification of this kind of dynamical systems on complex networks.
Item Type:  Article 

Subjects:  Q Science > QC Physics 
Divisions:  School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Science 
URI:  http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/2645 
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