A systematic review of computer-based softwares for educating patients with coronary heart disease

Beranova, E. & Sykes, C. (2007). A systematic review of computer-based softwares for educating patients with coronary heart disease. PATIENT EDUCATION AND COUNSELING, 66(1), pp. 21-28. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2006.09.006

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Objective: To evaluate the use of computer-based softwares for educating patients with coronary heart disease.

Methods: A systematic electronic search for randomised controlled trials and comparison studies published from 1999 to the end of 2005 using the MEDLINE (1999–2005), EMBASE (1999–2005) and CINAHL (1999–2005) was carried out. Articles including the reference lists in the following journals were hand-searched: Patient Education and Counselling and Patient Counselling and Health Education.

Results: A total of 487 articles were identified. Based on a review of abstracts, five studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria of the review. A scoring sheet was used to assess the papers’ quality. All studies reported significantly increased knowledge in patients using the educational software when compared to standard education. The difference in knowledge between the intervention and control groups remained high even at 6 months follow up. Furthermore, patients reported high satisfaction with the educational programs.

Conclusion: Despite there only being five studies that met the inclusion criteria, this review supports the successful use of computer software to increase knowledge in patients with coronary heart disease. The reviewed articles reveal that computer-based education has an important role in increasing patients’ knowledge about their condition.

Practical implications: It is commonly reported that patients want more information about their illness. This study shows that computerbased education can be a useful, acceptable to patients and effective way to deliver education about coronary heart disease.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Patient Education and Counseling. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in PATIENT EDUCATION AND COUNSELING, VOL 66, ISSUE 1, April 2007 DOI 10.1016/j.pec.2006.09.006
Uncontrolled Keywords: Patient education; Software; Coronary heart disease
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: School of Social Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/4569

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