Self-care after traumatic injury and the use of the therapeutic self care scale in trauma populations

Chaboyer, W., Ringdal, M., Aitken, L. M. & Kendall, E. (2013). Self-care after traumatic injury and the use of the therapeutic self care scale in trauma populations. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69(2), pp. 286-294. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06005.x

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Abstract

Aims: To report a correlational study of the relationship between gender, age, severity of injury, length of hospital stay and self-care behaviour in patients with traumatic injuries.

Background: This study may provide a foundation for targeted nursing intervention and education programmes to help patients better recover from their injury, which is a fundamental aspect of nursing.

Design: A longitudinal cohort study.

Method: This study of patients hospitalized for traumatic injury was conducted from May 2006–November 2007. The Therapeutic Self Care Scale along with demographic and clinical data, were completed at 3 and 6 months after hospital discharge. Using data from the 3-month survey, the validity and reliability of the scale was calculated. Multiple regression was used to identify predictors of self-care at 3 and 6 months.

Finding: Participants (n = 125) completed the questionnaire at 3 months and 103 participants completed it at 6 months. Self-care was high on both occasions and high self-care at 3 months was related to high self-care at 6 months. Older participants reported higher self-care at 3 months compared with younger patients. Factor analysis of the scale revealed three clear components; taking medication, recognition and managing symptoms and managing changes in health conditions, which explained a total of 59·8% of the variance. The 10-item revised scale was reliable.

Conclusion: The findings indicate that self-care remains fairly high and stable in the first 6 months after trauma. The revised Therapeutic Self Care Scale was valid and reliable in the trauma population.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: Chaboyer, W., Ringdal, M., Aitken, L. and Kendall, E. (2013), Self-care after traumatic injury and the use of the therapeutic self care scale in trauma populations. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69: 286–294, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06005.x
Uncontrolled Keywords: measurements, nursing, recovery, self-care, traumatic injury
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Healthcare Research Unit
Related URLs:
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/4690

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